Comprehensive African election calendar

 
Updated September 2017

Country Timeline President Legislative Regional/Local Referenda
algeria Last election 17 Apr 2014 PNA 29 Dec 2012 & CoN: half 29 Dec 2015 (indirect/appointed) 29 Nov 2007 17 Sep 1999
Voters endorse presidential peace plan to end 7 yrs of civil violence
Next election 2019 PNA: 4 May 2017
CoN: 2018 (half, indirect/appointed)
May 2017
Term 5 yrs PNA: 5 yrs
CoN: 6 (half every 3 yrs)
5 yrs
angola Last election 31 Aug 2012 31 Aug 2012 None held  
Next election Aug 2017 Aug 2017 Aug 2017?
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
benin Last election 1st rnd: 6 Mar 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 NA: 26 Apr 2015 31 May 2015  
Next election 2021 NA: 2019 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 6 yrs
botswana Last election Late 2014
by NA
NA: 24 Oct 2014 24 Oct 2014 4 Oct 1997
Constitutional amendments to establish an Independent Electoral Commission approved
Next election 2019
by NA
NA: 2019 24 Oct 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
burkina faso Last election 29 Nov 2015 NA: 29 Nov 2015 22 May 2016  
Next election 2020 NA: 2020 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
burundi Last election 1st Rnd: 26 Jun 2015; 2nd Rnd: 27 Jul 2015 NA 5 Jun 2015
SEN 17 Jul 2015 (indirect)
Local 5 Jun 2015; Collines 24 Aug 2015 28 Feb 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA 2020
SEN 2020 (indirect)
Local 2020; Collines 2020
Term 5 yrs NA & SEN: 5 yrs 5 yrs
cameroon Last election 11 Oct 2004 NA 30 Sep 2013; Senate: 30 Sep 2013 30 Sep 2013  
Next election Oct 2018 NA 2018; Senate: 2018 2018
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
cape verde Last election 7 Aug 2011 NA: 20 Mar 2016 2011  
Next election 2 Oct 2016 NA: 2021 2020
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 4 yrs
central african republic Last election 1st rnd 27 Dec 2015; 2nd Round 14 Feb 2016 1st rnd 14 Feb 2016; 2nd Round 31 Mar 2016 (postponed from 27 Mar 2016) local authorities appointed by president Constitutional referendum 13 Dec 2015
Next election 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
chad Last election 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 NA: 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 22 Jan 2012  
Next election 2021 2020 2017
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 4 yrs
comoros Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd 16 Apr 2016 UA: 1st Rnd: 25 Jan 2015
2nd Rnd: 22 Feb 2015
IG: 16 Apr 2016
IA: 1st round: 6 Dec 2009
2nd round: 20 Dec 2009
17 May 2009 constitutional amendments approved: Increased term of president to 5 yrs, abolished rotating presidency, concentrated power in Union government, reduce powers and costs of the island’s governments (Island Presidents become Island Governors), Islam became state religion
Next election 2021 UA: 2020 IG: 2021
IA: 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs IG 4 yrs
IA 4 yrs
Ivory Coast Last election 25 Oct 2015 NA: 11 Dec 2011 (postponed several times) 24-25 Mar 2001 23 Jul 2000
Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA: Dec 2016 21 Apr 2013
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
democratic republic of congo Last election 28 Nov 2011 NA: 28 Nov 2011
Senate: 19 Jan 2007 (indirect by PA)
PA: 25 Feb 2012
Local: 31 Jan 2013
18 Dec 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016 NA: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Senate: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016 (indirect by PA)
PA: Postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Local: postponed to 2018 from Nov 2016
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
djibouti Last election 8 Apr 2016 NA: 22 Feb 2013 RA & Communal: 20 Jan & 10 Feb 2012  
Next election 2022 NA: 2018 RA & Communal: 2017
Term 6 yrs NA: 5 yrs RA & Communal: 5 yrs
egypt Last election May/Jun 2012 PA: Oct-Dec 2015
Shura Council (abolished 2014): Jan 2012
8 Apr 2008 Second half of January 2014: New Constitution
Next election 26-27 May 2014 HR: 2020 2016?
Term 4 yrs PA: 5 yrs
SC: 6 yrs; half replaced every three year.
4 yrs
equatorial guinea Last election 24 Apr 2016 HPR: 4 May 2008 4 May 2008 Constiutional referendum 13 Nov 2011; allows encumbent additional two terms, creates vice-presidency
Next election 2023 HPR: may 2013 26 May 2013
Term 7 yrs HPR: 5 yrs 5 yrs
eritrea Last election 1993
interim president
May 1997
Transitional NA formed
May 2003 23-25 Apr 1993
Independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea approved
Next election indefinitely postponed from 2001
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
ethiopia Last election 9 Oct 2007
by HPR
HPR: 24 May 2015
HoF: 2013 (indirect)
Local: 2013
RSCs: 24 May 2015
 
Next election 2013
by HPR
HPR: 2020
HoF (indirect): 2018
RSCs: 2018
Local: 2018
Term 6 yrs 5 yrs (both Houses) RSCs & Local: 5 yrs
gabon Last election 27 Aug 2016 NA 17 Dec 2011
SEN Dec 2014
No data  
Next election 2023 NA 29 Jul 2017 (postponed from Nov/Dec 2016)
SEN 2020
Term 7 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
the gambia Last election 24 Nov 2011 NA 29 Mar 2012 2 Apr 2013  
Next election 1 Dec 2016 NA: 6 Apr 2017 April 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
ghana Last election 1st round: 7 Dec 2012 NA 7 Dec 2012 District, Local & Unit: 3 Mar 2015 before April 2016: Constitutional referendum, as well as abolishment of death penalty and parliamentary ratification (within 72 hours and with two-thirds majority) required for presidential declaration of war
Next election 7 Dec 2016 NA: Dec 2016 District, Local & Unit: 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
guinea Last election 11 Oct 2015 28 Sep 2013 28 Sep 2013 11 Nov 2001
Constitutional amendment to remove presidential Termlimits and increase term to 7 yrs approved
Next election 2022 2018 18 Dec 2016
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
guinea-bissau Last election 1st round: 28 Jun 2009
2nd round: 26 Jul 2009
PNA & Senate 26 May 2013 There are no local governments  
Next election 14 Apr 2014 (postponed from 24 Nov 2013) PNA & Senate: 13 Apr 2014
Term 5 yrs 4 yrs
kenya Last election 4 March 2013 National Assembly & Senate: 4 March 2013 4 March 2013 4 Aug 2010: Draft proposes more power for Prime Minister and less for President, devolution of power to regions and introduction of Senate and Supreme Court
Next election 8 Aug 2017 - election annulled
Rerun 17 Oct 2017
National Assembly & Senate: 8 Aug 2017 8 Aug 2017
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs 5 yrs
lesotho Last Election Monarchy: no presidential election 28 Feb 2015 1 Oct 2011 (postponed from Apr 2010 and Sep 2011)  
Next election 2020 2016
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
liberia Last election 1st round: 11 Oct 2011
2nd round: 8 Nov 2011
House of Representatives & SEN 11 Oct 2011 30 Nov 2008 23 Aug 2011: Constitutional amendments
Next election 10 Oct 2017 House of Representatives: 10 Oct 2017
Ssenate (half): Oct 2017
Term 6 yrs HR 6 yrs
SEN Senior 9 yrs, Junior 6 yrs
 
libya Last election Constituent Assembly: 20 Feb 2014   Constitutional Referendum: 2017
next election 2017 2017 2017
     
madagascar Last election 1st Rnd: 25 Oct 2013; 2nd Rnd: 25 Sep 2013 NA: 20 Dec 2013
Senate: 29 Dec 2015 (indirect)
Local: 17 Jul 2015 On new Constitution scheduled for 12 Aug 2010, but then postponed to 17 Nov 2010
Next election 2018 NA: 2018 (postponed repeatedly)
Senate: 2020, after local
Local: 2017
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
malawi Last election 19 May 2009 19 May 2009 21 Nov 2000 14 Jun 1993
Introduction of a multi-party system approved by voters
Next election 20 May 2014 20 May 2014 20 May 2014
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
mali Last election 1st rnd 28 Jul 2013; 2nd rnd 11 Aug 2013 NA: 1st rnd 24 Nov 2013; 2nd rnd 15 Dec 2013 25 Oct 2015 Constitutional Referendum: 9 Jul 2017
Next election 2018 NA: 2018 Local & Communal:28 May 2017
Regional 9 Jul 2017
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
mauritania Last election 18 Jul 2009 NA 19 Nov 2006 (1st round), 3 Dec 2006 (2nd round)
Senate: 9 Aug 2009 (indirect)
Local and regional: 19 Nov 2006 25 Jun 2006
New constitution approved by electorate
Next election 21 Jun 2014 NA: 1st rnd 23 Nov 2013; 2nd rnd 7 Dec 201
Senate (1/3 members): 12 Oct 2013
Local and regional: 12 Oct 2013
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs (1/3 retires every 2 yrs)
5 yrs
mauritius Last election 13 May 2008 by NA NA: 5 May 2010 Local: 2 Oct 2005
RRA: 10 Dec 2006
Next election 2013 by NA NA: 2015 Local: 2012?
RRA: 5 Feb 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Local: 5 yrs
RRA: 5 yrs
morocco Last election Monarchy. PM appointed by monarch after legislative elections AR 25 Nov 2011
AC 2 Oct 2015
Local & regional 4 Sep 2015 1 Jul 2011 Constitutional referendum
Next election AR 7 Oct 2016
AC 2021
2021
Term AR 5 yrs
AC 6 yrs (indirect)
6 yrs
mozambique Last election 15 Oct 2014 15 Oct 2014 Local: 20 Nov 2013
Provincial: 15 Oct 2014
Next election 2019 2019 Local: 10 Oct 2018
Provincial: 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
namibia Last election 28 Nov 2014 NA: 28 Nov 2014
NC: Dec 2015 (indirect)
RC: 27 Nov 2015
Local: 27 Nov 2015
Next election 2014 NA: 2019
NC: 2020 (indirect by RCs)
RC: 2020
Local: 2020
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs
NC: 5 yrs
RC: 5 yrs
Local: 5 yrs
niger Last election 1st rnd: 31 Jan 2011
2nd rnd: 12 Mar 2011
NA: 31 Jan 2011 31 Jan 2011 24 Oct 2010 new constitution
Next election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
nigeria Last election 28 Mar 2015 NA & Senate: 28 Mar 2015 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 11 Apr 2015
Next election 2019 NA & Senate: 2019 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 2019
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
republic of the congo Last election 20 March 2016 SEN 2014 (indirect)
NA 1st Rnd, 15 Jul 2012; 2nd rnd, 5 Aug 2012
29 Jun 2008 20 Jan 2002
New Constitution approved
Next election 2023 NA 2017
Senate (1/3) Oct 2016 (indirect)
?
Term 7 yrs NA 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
6 yrs
rwanda Last election 9 Aug 2010 CD: 2013
Senate: Mar 2016 (indirect)
Local: Feb & Mar 2016 18 Dec 2015, constitutional amendment extending number of presidential terms
26 May 2003, New constitution approved
Next election Aug 2017 CD: 16 Sep 2013
Senate: 2016
Local: 2016
Term 7 yrs CD: 5 yrs
Senate: 8 yrs
5 yrs
são tomé and príncipe Last election 1st rnd: 17 Jul 2016; 2nd rnd: 7 Aug 2016 NA: 1 Aug 2010 18 Jul 2011
Next election 2021 NA: 12 Oct 2014 12 Oct 2014
Term 5 yrs NA: 4 yrs 5 yrs
senegal Last election 25 Feb 2007 National Assembly: 1 Jul 2012
Senate: 19 Aug 2007(indirect)
Regional & Local: 23 Mar 2009 (postponed from 18 May 2008) 20 Mar 2016, approved by 62% of voters
Shortening of the presidential term from seven years to five years and other changes
Next election 1st rnd: 26 Feb 2012
2 nd rnd: 18 Mar 2012
National Assembly: Jul 2017
Senate abolished August 2012
Regional & Local: 29 Jun 2014
Term 5 yrs NA & Senate: 5 yrs Regional & Local: 5 yrs
seychelles Last election 3-5 Dec 2015 NA 8-10 Sep 2016 Local authorities are appointed by the government 15 – 18 June 1993
New Constitution approved
Next election 2020 NA 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
sierra leone Last election 17 Nov 2012 House of Representatives: 17 Nov 2012 5 Jul 2008 Constitutional referendum: before Oct 2017
Next election 18 Feb 2018 House of Representatives: 18 Feb 2018 18 Feb 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
somalia Last election 10 Sep 2012 (by parliament) Lower House: 22 Dec 2016 (indirect)
Upper House: 25 Sep 2016 (indirect)
none  
Next election Postponed to 8 Feb 2017 from 22 Jan 2017 and 28 Dec 2016 (by parliament) Lower House: 2021
Upper House: 2021 (indirect)
no data
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs no data
somaliland
(autonomous region)
Last election 26 Jun 2010 (postponed repeatedly from 31 Aug 2008) HR: Cancelled 27 Mar 2017 15 Dec 2002  
Next election 13 Nov 2017 House of Representatives & Senate: 28 Apr 2019 28 Apr 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
south africa Last Election 2014 by NA NA: 7 May 2014 PL: 7 May 2009
Local: 3 Aug 2016
17 Mar 1992
Whites approve the continuation of the white government’s negotiations for a new majority government constitution
Next election 2014 (by NA) NA: 2019 PL: 2019
Local: 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs PL & Local: 5 yrs
south sudan
(autonomous region)
Last election 9 Jul 2010 SSA: 9 Jul 2010 State and local: 9 Jul 2010 9 Jan 2011: Referendum due on whether southern autonomous region is remain part of Sudan or to succeed
Next election postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018 SSA: postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018 postponed, terms of office extended to 9 Jul 2018
Term 5 yrs SSA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
sudan Last election 2 Apr 2015 CS & NA: 2 Apr 2015 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2 Apr 2015
Next election 2020 CS & NA: 2020 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2020
Term 5 yrs NA 5 yrs
CS 6 yrs
5 yrs
swaziland Last election Monarchy: no presidential election. House of Assembly: 19 Sep 2008 Urban local: 3 Nov 2012
Rural local: 19 Sep 2008
 
Next election House of Assembly: Primary: 24 Aug 2013; Secondary: 20 Sep 2013 Urban local: 2017
Rural local: 2013
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
togo Last election 15 Apr 2015 14 Oct 2007    
Next election 2020 21 July 2013
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
tunisia Last election 25 Oct 2009 Chamber of Deputies: 25 Oct 2009
Chamber of Councillors: 2005
Constitutional Assembly: 23 Oct 2011 (postponed from 24 Jul 2011)
9 May 2010  
Next election 23 Nov 2014 Chamber of Deputies: 26 Oct 2014
Chamber of Councillors: 26 Oct 2014
Mid-2017
Term 5 yrs Chamber of Deputies: 5 yrs
Chamber of Councillors: 6 yrs
5 yrs
united republic of tanzania Last Election 25 Oct 2015 25 Oct 2015 ZHR & ZP ZEC annulled 25 Oct 2015 election, no rerun date set; Local: 25 Oct 2015 30 Apr 2015: Adoption of new Constitution to replace that of 1977
Next election 2015 2015 ZHR, ZP & Local: 2015
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs ZHR & Local: 5 yrs
uganda Last election 18 Feb 2016 NA: 18 Feb 2016 18 Feb 2016
Next election 2021 NA: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zambia Last Election 11 Aug 2016 NA: 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016
Constitutional amendments to amend Bill of Rights fails
Next election 2021 NA: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs NA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zanzibar
(autonomous region)
Last Election Oct 2010 ZHR: Oct 2010 25 Oct 2015 (conducted by NEC)  
Next election ZEC anulled 25 Oct 2015, rerun 20 Mar 2016 ZHR: ZEC anulled 25 Oct 2015, rerun 20 Mar 2016 Oct 2020 (conducted by NEC)
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
zimbabwe Last election 29 March 2008 1st round
27 Jun 2008 2nd round
HA, Sen 29 Mar 2008 Local: 29 Mar 2008 Constitutional referendum, 16 Mar 2013
Next election 31 Jul 2013 HA, Sen 31 Jul 2013 31 Jul 2013
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs

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