Electoral management bodies: Composition

Updated October 2014

Country Structure
ANGOLA National Electoral Commission (CNE)11 members, four year term renewable once:
  • 2 nominated by the President
  • 3 nominated by the ruling party
  • 3 nominated by opposition parties in National Assembly
  • 1 Justice of the Supreme Court
  • 1 representative of Ministry of Territorial Administration
  • 1 elected by the National Council of Social Communication
  • CNE President elected from these by the National Assembly
BOTSWANA Independent Electoral Commission (IEC)7 members with 10 year term.Nominated at an all-party conference and appointed by the Judicial Service Commission
DRC Independent Electoral Commission (CEI)Not yet constituted, governing organic law yet to be passed
LESOTHO Independent Electoral Commission (IEC)3 members, 6 year term renewable once.Appointed by the King on advice of State Council, chair must be a judge
MALAWI Malawi Electoral Commission (MEC)7 members, 4 year term renewable:
  • Chair is a judge nominated by the Judicial Service Commission
  • 6 appointed by the President in consultation with leaders of political parties in National Assembly
MADAGASCAR National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI, Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante)19 members, 12 with voting rights:
  • 10 nominated by civil society bodies;
  • two representatives of administration, one each from the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Decentralization; and
  • seven nonvoting representatives from political parties, three governing, three opposition, one other
MAURITIUS Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC)Supervisory body, 7 members, 5 year term.Appointed by President on advice of Prime Minister after consultation with leader of the opposition
MOZAMBIQUE National Electoral Commission (CNE)17 members, 6 year term:
  • 5 FRELIMO;
  • 4 RENAMO;
  • 1 MDM;
  • 7 from civil society organisations.
NAMIBIA Electoral Commission of Namibia (ECN)5 members, 5 year term.Appointed by president from shortlist compiled by Selection Committee (a nominee of the Chief Justice, a nominee of the Law Society and a nominee of the Ombudsman); chair must be a judge
SEYCHELLES Electoral Commissioner5 members, 7 year term, renewable.Appointed by the President
SOUTH AFRICA Independent Electoral Commission (IEC)5 members, 7 year term, renewable.Appointed by President on recommendation of National Assembly, following nominations by a National Assembly inter-party committee. One commissioner must be a judge
SWAZILAND Elections and Boundaries Commission5 members, term 12 years, non-renewable:
  • Chair and Deputy-Chair appointed by the King on advice of the Judicial Service Commission
  • 3 members appointed by King on consultation with ministers responsible for elections and for local government
TANZANIA National Election Commission (NEC)7 members, five year term.Appointed by President, according to complex legislative requirements. Chair and Vice-Chair have to be judges of the High Court or the Court of Appeal
ZAMBIA Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ)5 members, 7 year term, renewable.Appointed by President, subject to ratification by the National Assembly
ZANZIBAR Zanzibar Electoral Commission (ZEC)7 members, 5 year term.Appointed by President, according to complex legislative requirements
ZIMBABWE Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC)7 members, 5 year term renewable once:
  • Chair must be a judge and is appointed by President after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission
  • 6 members (at least three must be women) appointed by President from 9 nominees supplied by Parliamentary Committee on Standing Rules and Orders