International instruments and national laws on democracy and elections

Updated August 2008

All links verified 20 Aug 2008.

United Nations

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [www] http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/b3ccpr.htm [opens new window]. Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) (especially Article 25). (16 December 1966, UN). International treaty (one of seven "core treaties") binding UN members to respect for human rights, the rule of law and democratic governance.
Convention on the Political Rights of Women [www] http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/e2cprw.htm [opens new window]. Entered into force July 7, 1954.

African Union

African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance African Union, adopted 30 January 2007: in English   en Français   em Português [PDF documents].
African (Banjul) Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights [www] http://www.africa-union.org/root/au/Documents/Treaties/Text/Banjul%20Charter.pdf [PDF document, opens new window]. Adopted 27 June 1981, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982, OAU). International treaty binding OAU members to respect for human rights, the rule of law and democratic governance.
Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa [www] http://www.achpr.org/english/_info/women_en.html [opens new window]. Adopted 11 July 2003, entered into force on 25 November 2005.

Southern African Development Community

Declaration and Treaty of SADC, 17 of August, 1992, Windhoek, Namibia. Especially Preamble and Article 4(c); [www] http://www.sadc.int/index/browse/page/119 [opens new window]. SADC Draft Protocol on Gender and Development [www] http://www.genderlinks.org.za/attachment_view.php?pa_id=302 [PDF Document, opens new window].

National laws

Laws governing elections in the various SADC countries.