Voter registration processes

Updated April 2011

See also Astrid Evrensel (ed) Voter Registration in Africa: A Comparative Analysis [PDF document], EISA 2010

Links on this page go to pages providing further detail on the subject for the country concerned.

Country Process
ANGOLA Registration compulsory and continious, updated by annual voter registration drives
Voters present identification document or are identified by officials/institutions
Voter's card issued.
BOTSWANA Registration voluntary and continuous
Voters present national identification card
Voter's card issued.
DRC Registration vuluntary and continuous
Voter's/ID card issued
LESOTHO Registration compulsory and continuous
Voters show proof of identity
Voter's card issued
MADAGASCAR Registration voluntary and continuous, updated annually, revision drive before election
Voters present national identity card
Voter's card issued
MALAWI Registration voluntary and periodic
Voter required to provide passport, driver's licence, marriage or birth certificate, other legal documents or testimony from chief, village headman, registered voter or registration officer
Registration certificate issued
MAURITIUS Voter registration compulsory and continuous, annual door-to-door registration drives
Voters present national identity card or birth certificate
MOZAMBIQUE Registration compulsory and continuous, updated by annual voter registration drives
Voter present birth certificate, passport, any legal document with photograph, thumbprint or signature of previous voter card or identified by two registered voters
Voter's card issued
NAMIBIA Registration voluntary and continuous
Voters fill in declaration of eligibility, provide identification (birth certificates, passports, and any legal document with photograph or sworn statement)
Voter's card issued
SEYCHELLES Registration voluntary and continuous, annual registration drives
SOUTH AFRICA Registration voluntary and continuous, revision drive before election
Voters present bar-coded identification document or temporary certificate issued by Department of Home Affairs
Registration bar-code placed in ID book
SWAZILAND Registration voluntary and continuous, annual registration drives
Registration at public meetings. In chiefdoms done in presence of Chief and his council who vouch for voter. In urban areas done in presence of the Indvuna Yenkhundla (elected head of the inkhundla)
TANZANIA Registration voluntary and continuous
No identification requirement
Voter's card issued
ZAMBIA Registration voluntary and continuous
Voters present green national registration card
Voter's card issued
ZANZIBAR Registration voluntary and continuous
Five year residency requirement in constituency and 15 year residency in Zanzibar, including citizens from the mainland. Identification of voters made by Shehas (community leaders)
Voter's card issued.
ZIMBABWE Registration voluntary and periodic
Voters present national identity card and proof of residence