Head of State

Updated October 2007

Country Head Election Terms
ANGOLA Executive President Directly by absolute majority Two of five years each
BOTSWANA Executive President By every newly elected National Assembly Two of five years each
DRC Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Two of five years each; concurrent with National Assembly
LESOTHO Constitutional monarch Designated by customary law by the College of Chiefs Life
MADAGASCAR Executive President Directly elected by an absolute majority Two of five years each
MALAWI Executive President Directly elected by plurality Two of five years each; concurrent with National Assembly
MAURITIUS Ceremonial President By every newly elected National Assembly Unrestricted number of five years
MOZAMBIQUE Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Two of five years, but eligible for reelection five years after previous terms; concurrent with Assembly of the Republic
NAMIBIA Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Two of five years each; concurrent with National Assembly
SEYCHELLES Executive President Directly elected by plurality Three of five years each
SOUTH AFRICA Executive President Elected by every newly elected parliament Two of five years each
SWAZILAND Absolute Monarch Governed by traditional law and custom Life
TANZANIA Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Two of five years each; concurrent with National Assembly
ZAMBIA Executive President Directly elected by a plurality Two of five years each; concurrent with National Assembly
ZANZIBAR Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Two of five years each; concurrent with House of Representatives
ZIMBABWE Executive President Directly elected by absolute majority Unrestricted number of 5 years each; concurrent with Parliament