Kenya: Fact file

Updated October 2012

Name Republic of Kenya
Area 582 646 sq km (Frame 2011, 629)
Major town Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Kisumu, Eldoret (Frame 2011, 644)
Boundaries Lake Victoria, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Indian Ocean, Tanzania
Population 40.513 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011a)
Pop growth 2.69%, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation 22.2%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division Undated)
Life expectancy Female 59.2 yrs, male 56.7 yrs, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 58/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 6.3%, 15-49 yrs 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate 87%, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
Military expenditure 1.7% of GDP, 2007 (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Health expenditure 4.6% of GDP, 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010)
Legal system English law, African and Hindu customary law, Islamic law (Ojienda & Aloo 2006)
Independence 12 December 1963 from UK
GDP US$32.2 billion, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
GDP per capita US$802, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012e)
GDP growth rate 5.6%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012f)
Main exports Food and livestock, mineral fuels, raw materials, basic manufactures (Frame 2011, 647-648)
Currency 1 Kenya shilling (Ks)= 100 cents (Frame 2011, 646)
Unemployment 40%, 2008 est (IndexMund 2012)
Inflation rate 2.2%, 2010 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio 27.5% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 95)
Infrastructure Rail 2 778 km; road 178 000 km; Airport 3 international (Nairobi, Mombasa, Eldoret), 2 tourist airsrips (Ukunda, Manda) (Republic of Kenya Ministry of Transport 2009, 21-23(Kenya Airports Authority 2012)
Ethnic groups Cushites (Somali, Orma, Rendille, Borana); Bantu (Gikuyu, Luhya, Kamba, Embu, Meru, Kisii, Mijikenda, Taveta, Taita Pokomo, Bajuni, Boni, Sanye), Nilotes (Luo, Kalenjin, Maasai, Teso, Samburu) (State House Undated)
Languages Official English, national Kiswahili, 69 others. Major: Kikuyu (+7 mil), Luo (+4 mil), Kamba (4 mil), Ekegusii (+2 mil), Kimiiru (c2 mil) (Lewis 2010)
Religion Protestants ±38%, Catholics ±25%, Muslims 7%, Hindus 1% (Frame 2011, 654 )

References

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

KENYA AIRPORTS AUTHORITY 2012 "Our Airports", [www] http://www.kenyaairports.co.ke/ and links following [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

LEWIS, MP (ed) 2009 "Languages of Kenya" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=KE [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

INDEXMUND 2012 "Kenya Unemployment rate", [www] http://www.indexmundi.com/kenya/unemployment_rate.html, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

OJIENDA, T & ALOO, LO 2006 "Researching Kenyan Law" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/Globalex/Kenya.htm [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

STATE HOUSE UNDATED "Kenya in Brief", [www] http://www.statehousekenya.go.ke/kenya.html#kenya8 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 9 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=burundi+health+expenditure+±d=WHO±f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143%3bCOUNTRY_ISO_CODE%3abUR [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, 9 April [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May , [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012e "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, 16 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012f "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012g "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Kenya", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Kenya [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012).

REPUBLIC OF KENYA MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT 2009, "Integrated National Transport Policy: Moving a Working Nation" , May, [www] http://www.krb.go.ke/images/company_doc/mot.pdf [opens new window] (accessed 12 Oct 2012.