Mali: Fact file

Updated June 2013

Name Republic of Mali
Area 1 240 192 sq km (2011, 780)
Major cities Bamako (capital), Sikkasso, Ségou, Mopti, Koutiala, kayes (Frame 2011, 780)
Boundaries Mauritania, Algeria,Niger, Burkino Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal (landlocked)
Population 15.37 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011a)
Pop growth 2.96%, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation 34.9%, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 53.1 yrs, male 50.9 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 92/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 1%, 15-49 yr 2009 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate 26%; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
Military expenditure 2.2% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2013a)
Health expenditure 5.8% of GDP; 2006 (World Health Organization 2010b)
Legal system Based on French legal system, legislation and customary law, predominantly local versions of Shari'a (Feiertag 2008)
Independence 20 June 1960 from France
GDP US$10.8 billion, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
GDP per capita US$671, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
GDP growth rate 6%, 2012 est (IMF 2012, 88)
Main exports Gold, cotton, food and live animals (Frame 2011, 783)
Currency 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc (Frame 2011, 782)
Unemployment 9.6% 2011 (AfDB, OECD, UNDP, UNECA 2012, 2)
Inflation rate 6.1%, 2012 est (IMF 2012, 92)
External debt ratio 25.6% of GDP, 2011 (IMF 2011, 112)
Infrastructure No data
Ethnic groups Mande 50%, Fula 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5% (Encyclopaedia of Nations)
Languages Official: French; 66 lanuages, major: Bamanankan, Soninke, Fulfulde, Sénoufo, Xaasongaxango, Songhay (Lewis et all 2013)).
Religion Approximately 80% Muslim, 18% African Traditional, 2% Christian (Frame 2011, 787)

References

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATIONS "Mali - Ethnic groups", [www] http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Mali-ETHNIC-GROUPS.html [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

FEIERTAG, S 2008 "Guide to Legal Research in Mali", [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/Globalex/Mali1.htm [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

IMF 2012 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2012/afr/eng/sreo0412.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

LEWIS, M PAUL, GARY F SIMONS, AND CHARLES D FENNIG (eds) 2013. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition, http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ML [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

AfDB, OECD, UNDP, UNECA 2012 "Mali" IN African Economic Outlook 2012, [www] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/PDF/Mali%20Full%20PDF%20Country%20Note.pdf [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Health+expenditure&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a85 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 18 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2013a "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2013c "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Mali", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Mali [opens new window] (accessed 26 Jun 2013).