South Africa: Women in politics

Updated March 2008

Women line up to vote in SA's 1994 election

Women's representation in the National Assembly
Women's representation quotas

2011 Local government candidates by province and gender
Candidates by party

BOOYSEN, S & MASTERSON, G 2009 Women's representation in the main parties' lists in 2009

LETSHOLO, S 2006 "Gender and Local Government" IN Democratic Local Government Elections in South Africa: A Critical Review [PDF document], EISA Occasional Paper No 42, 12, 13.

HARSANT, A, FERREIRA, T & BAUER, C 2006, "Northern Cape: Gender and Youth Representation" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 3 [PDF], 31-32.

LETSHOLO, S & NKWINIKA, T 2006, "Gauteng: Gender Issues" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 1 [PDF], 21.

WILLIAMS, J 2006, "Western Cape: Gender Issues" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 1 [PDF], 35-36.

MOTTIAR, S 2006, "KwaZulu-Natal: Gender Representation" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 1 [PDF], 43-44.

CHIKULO, B & MBAO, M 2006, "North West: Gender" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 1 [PDF], 54.

HARSANT, A & BAUER, C 2006, "Northern Cape: Gender Representation" IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2006, 1 [PDF], 58.

HENDRICKS, C 2005, "Women and Party Representation" IN Piper, L (ed), South Africa's 2004 Election: The Quest for Democratic Consolidation [PDF], EISA Research Report 12, 80-83.

EISA 2004, "Voter Registration by Province and Gender" IN Election Update: South Africa 2004, 1 [PDF], 2.

GOUWS, A 2004, "Women and the 2004 Election" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 2.

HARSANT, A & ELLIS, W 2004, "Free State: The Gender Gap after a Decade of Democracy" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 9.

HENDRICKS, C 2004, "Western Cape, Gender and Elections: How Far from Parity?" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 14.

HLELA, K 2004, "(En)gendering the Elections: Women and the 2004 Election in the Northern Cape" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 20.

HOENE, T 2004, "Women and Elections in the Eastern Cape" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 17.

LETSHOLO, S 2004, "Gender and Elections in Gauteng" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 4.

MOTTIAR, S 2004, "Gender Issues In KwaZulu-Natal" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 5.

PIPER, L 2004, "Elected by the women, but government of, and for, the men" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 8.

RAPOO, T 2004, "Mpumalanga: Gender Representation in the 2004 Elections" IN Election Update 2004: South Africa, 9 [PDF], 22.

HAWKER, G Gender IN "Missing Cadres? List Voting and the ANC's Management of its Parliamentarians in the National Assembly, 1999-2003", Journal of African Elections, 2(2), October 2003.

SIMMONS, M, FICK, G & MEINTJIES, S (EDS) 2002, One Woman, One Vote: The Gender Politics of South African Elections, EISA, 198 pp.
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EISA 2002, ANC Women MPs, 2002

EISA 2002, Women in National Assembly, 1999

EISA 2002, Women in executive councils and provincial legislatures, 1999

EISA 2002, Women members of the National Council of Provinces, 1999

BALLINGTON, J 2001, Women and local government: the issues IN Pottie, D & Ford, H (eds), Local Government in South Africa: Elections 2000, EISA.

POTTIE, D 2001, Women and local government: By the numbers IN Pottie, D & Ford, H (eds), Local Government in South Africa: Elections 2000, EISA.

BALLINGTON, J 2001, Political parties and the participation of women IN Pottie, D & Ford, H (eds), Local Government in South Africa: Elections 2000, EISA.

BALLINGTON, J 1999, South African Gender and Elections Bibliography, EISA.
To order: Publication Code: GEN7; Price: R20.00; Order online