EISA Madagascar: Assistance to EMB and CSOs


University debate

May 2019

At the end of the campaign, EISA convened and facilitated an inter-university debate on the topic of the legislative elections, which took place on 25 May in Antananarivo. The debate was jointly organised with ONG Tolotsoa. Four universities across the country participated in the debate, namely the Institut d'Etude Politique de Madagascar (IEP), Faculté Economie, Gestion, Sociologie de l'Université d'Antananarivo, la Faculté de Droit et Science Politique de l'Université d'Antananarivo and Faculté de Droit, Economie, Gestion, Mathématiques et Informatiques Appliquées de l'Université de Toamasina.

The debating contest allowed youth to address the different barriers that prevent them from participating in the electoral process and identify solutions regarding these barriers. The debate was broadcast live on Facebook with more than 700 views and the final was also broadcast on the national radio on May 25 to reach more target especially young voters in the regions.

Voter and Civic education (VCE) campaign

Apr-May 2019

The Voter and Civic education campaign started on the 23 April and ended on 25 May 2019 and was conducted countrywide. The approach varied from one region to another depending on the local and cultural context of each region. The first phase of the campaign focused mainly on direct interaction through person to person communication and, door to door, engaging with traditional leaders, community dialogues, mass awareness at local markets and some mobile caravans for larger towns. A total of 875 educators across the 119 districts of Madagascar participated in the conduct of the campaign. The campaign reached 119 districts, 1.329.730 people, 519 municipalities and 1358 neighborhoods. Target beneficiaries appreciated the conduct of the Voter and Civic education campaign within their communities regarding the use of ballot papers, documents for voting but especially the roles and function of MPs as CSOs noticed that most voters were not aware of the roles of the future members of Parliament.

The second phase of the Voter and Civic education campaign consisted of a media campaign where EISA partnered with 48 local radio stations across the country from May 13th to 25th. The objective of this specific campaign was to reach out to citizens not reached during the first phase of the campaign. This media outreach also included sensitatisation messages and voting information such as voting day, the ballot papers and the roles and functions of parliament. Local radios were selected based on the geographical reach of the station and the number of audiences. Live programmes varied from 15 to 30 minutes. A total of 239 radio programmes were broadcast. A social media campaign was also conducted on EISA's Facebook page to strengthen the sensitisation message. In total the campaign has reached about 480.000 people nationwide.

The campaign has encouraged voters to cast their ballot in an informed manner. The deployment across the 119 districts also helped increase the visibility of the electoral commission (CENI) and provided part time employment to members of women and youth organisations.

Voter and Civic education (VCE) campaign side events

May 2019

To intensify the campaign in regions with low turnouts during the presidential election, EISA organised cultural events focused on sensitisation, debates and exchanges with the public about the legislative elections in Diego on 4 May, in Antananarivo on 17 May and in Ihosy on 23 May. The objectives of the events was to create a platform for representatives to listen to the concerns and barriers identified by women and youth that prevent them from voting and/or standing for office, and also to encourage them to cast their ballots on May 27.

To this end outdoor stages were put in place, with the participation of local entertainers and activists. This approach saw a positive response from and interaction with local citizen. The three cultural events were attended by approximately 11,847 people. The events in Antsiranana and Antananarivo were broadcast live on Facebook and reached about 4,548 viewers online.

Design and production of Voter and Civic education campaign materials

EISA developed new campaign materials were produced for the legislative elections. New posters that included information regarding the election date and a specimen ballot paper was also produced by EISA and the CENI.

Each constituency received a pack of specimen ballot papers specific to each constituency, provided by the CENI, to familiarise voters with the voting procedure. In addition, a flyer containing information about the roles and functions of members of parliament was produced to encourage voters to make informed choices when casting their votes. EISA also prepared a pagivolte illustrating the roles of MPs and information on the documentation to vote was produced to better reach illiterate voters.

A total of 30,000 posters, 178,500 flyers, 228 pagivoltes and 900 t-shirts were produced for the campaign.

Civic and voter education (CVE) campaign

CVE activities were conducted across 116 districts among 119 districts and involved about 20 local civil society organisations mostly youth and women organisations. Sensitisation activities varied from mobile caravans across these 116 districts, home visits for people in rural areas, sensitisation booths, and media outreach. EISA mobilised 819 animators to conduct the campaign within the 114 districts covered during the first-round presidential elections. The campaign continued into the presidential run-off and covered 116 districts by 513 animators.

In full, it reached 1,064 municipalities among the 1,693 across the country and around 1,204,055 citizens.

Voter registration campaign

Feb 2019

From 1 to 15 February 2019, EISA conducted a campaign to sensitise voters to register in preparation of the 27 May legislative elections. This campaign targeted specifically women and youth. It was carried out in four different regions: SAVA, Atsimo Andrefana, Menabe, Ihorombe, in 8 districts and in 109 neighborhoods.

The enrolment rate in the targeted district reached an average of 14% compared to the 2% national enrollment rate. This campaign has thus led to a significant increase in the number of women and youth registered to vote in the targeted regions. Among the 14,151 citizens sensitised, 4,438 registered women voters and 6,276 registered youth voters.


Animators teaching citizens the use of ballot papers in Atsimo Andrefana region

National civic and voter education campaign

December 2018

[Click to enlarge] Voter and Civic education Sensitisation poster for the second presidential run off

The civic and voter education campaign for the presidential run-off was officially launched on October 15th 2018 in Toliara with the electoral commission and the UNDP/SACEM.

The objective of the campaign, which was carried out until the second presidential run-off, was to encourage voter participation in the presidential elections through the teaching voting procedures Animators teaching citizens the use of ballot papers in Haute Matsiatra region and increasing awareness on the importance of citizen participation in the vote.

[Click to enlarge] Instruction poster on the use of ballot paper

The campaign was conducted across 117 districts and involved about 20 local civil society organisations mostly youth and women organisation, that had previously received training from the electoral commission, UNDP and EISA.

An exchange and evaluation workshop were conducted with the regional focal person between the elections to review campaign activities during the first round, to assess challenges and identify good practices Animators teaching citizens the use of ballot papers in Bongolava region to increase the effectiveness of the next campaign. Representatives from the UNDP/ SACEM also took part in the exchanges.

[Click to enlarge] Illustrated flipchart showing the essential documents for voting

The end of the campaign was marked by a mobile caravan going through the capital for two days on December 14th and 15th of 2018.

Regional focal persons participants during the review workshop


The agreement with UNDP is signed by Jessica Ranohefy Andreas, EISA Representative in Madagascar

Agreement with UNDP on civic and voter education

September 2018

On 28 September EISA signed an agreement with UNDP to conduct a civic and voter education campaign in the run up to the presidential election scheduled for late 2018.

This project seeks to increase and promote massive citizen participation through a nation-wide sensitisation campaign, targeting particularly Malagasy women and youth.


Media capacity building and sensitisation on gender equality

September 2018

Medias professionals attending the workshop on gender equality

Following the media training on parliamentary processes in February, EISA held a two-day training for media professionals from Antananarivo and other regions of Madagascar on how to display more sensitive gender news coverage. The event took place on September 11th and 12th in Antananarivo. Media professionals are an important partner in sensitising and promoting a democratic culture and encouraging equity between men and women. 18 journalists attended the training, 8 of them were from the regions where women's participation is particularly challenging.

Participants at the CSOs training of trainers civic and voter education workshop

Training of trainers for CSOs on civic and voter education

August 2018

On 30 and 31 August 2018 was held in Antananarivo the training of trainers for civil society organisations on civic and voter education, organized jointly by the electoral commission and EISA and funded by USAID.

The workshop saw the participation of 58 representatives of civil society organisations from the 22 regions of the island, including more than 50% of youth and women's associations.

Review: Women's organizations' gains in women's participation in public life

August 2018

Participants at the review workshop, 8-9 August 2018, Antsirabe

A workshop to review the achievements of women's organizations in promoting women's participation in public life Twelve female heads of CSOs working to promote women's participation in public life attended a workshop in Antsirabe August 8th and 9th.

Before the workshop, an organisational audit of the CSOs structure and human and financial resources was conducted and the results of the presented during the meeting. The audit also included recommendations on how they could effectively improve women participation.

Supporting CENI/CSO VCE strategy and curriculum development

August 2018

The STEP EPT specialist conceptualised and designed a VCE manual that was reviewed and validated by the CENI Director of Electoral Education and Communications and the Head of the Sensitization and Electoral Education Service, local CSOs and CENI's technical partners.

CSOs representatives and CENI staff during the validation workshop of the curriculum on civic and voter education, 3 August 2018

The validation workshop took place on 2 and 3 August 2018 in Antananarivo and was attended by 25 participants, nine youth, nine women and three persons with disabilities. The manual was produced in French and Malagasy and serves as the key document for the CENI and CSO voter education campaigns. It also includes strategies on how to participate actively in public life.

Following the validation workshop and adoption of the curriculum, and the training of CENI staff, a training of trainers (ToT) targeting CSOs was conducted on 30 and 31 August 2018 in Antananarivo. The training was attended by 60 participants from 47 CSOs, 52% women and 43% youth. The CSO representatives were selected through a call for expression of interest issued by EISA and the CENI based on the CSO mapping report produced by EISA outlined above. Women and youth were given preference, especially those from regions where their participation in the last election and voter registration was lowest.

EISA address at the beginning of the training with Soroptimist International Mahajanga

Training with Soroptimist International Mahajanga

July 2018

EISA was requested by this organisation (funded by Francophonie) to facilitate a train the trainer workshop on civic and voter education, advocacy and lobbying.

The training took place in Mahajanga from 9 to 13 July and attended by 35 representatives of local women's associations.


Report on CSO involvement in democratic and electoral processes since 1990

June 2018

Based on the results of the CSO mapping exercise, EISA drafted a report providing an analysis of Malagasy CSOs involvement in democratic and electoral processes since 1990. The report includes an overview of the legal and political background in which they have emerged. It also analyses their contribution, strengths and weaknesses in promoting citizen participation and more credible electoral processes. It is the first time that such a document has been produced. The document is also a source of information on CSOs working in the areas of democracy, governance and human rights as it contains a detailed list of CSOs, their focus area and their geographic coverage.

Voter registration campaign

Updated February 2018

From 1 to 15 February 2019, EISA conducted a campaign to sensitise voters to register in preparation of the 27 May legislative elections. This campaign targeted specifically women and youth. It was carried out in four different regions: SAVA, Atsimo Andrefana, Menabe, Ihorombe, in 8 districts and in 109 neighborhoods. The enrolment rate in the targeted district reached an average of 14% compared to the 2% national enrollment rate. This campaign has thus led to a significant increase in the number of women and youth registered to vote in the targeted regions. Among the 14 151 citizens sensitised, 4 438 registered women voters and 6276 registered youth voters.

Election process: EISA and the CENI discuss collaboration

Updated February 2018

Executive Director of EISA, Mr Denis Kadima and his team, Ms Catherine Musuva, Chief of Party of the Supporting Transition and Electoral Processes (STEP programme) and Ms Jessica Ranohefy Andreas, EISA Representative in Madagascar, meet with Mr Hery Rakotomanana, the Chair of the Electoral Commission of Madagascar.

February 2018

On Thursday 1 February 2018, the Executive Director of EISA, Denis Kadima and his team, Dr Catherine Musuva, Chief of Party of the Supporting Transition and Electoral Processes (STEP programme) and Jessica Ranohefy Andreas, EISA Representative in Madagascar, met with Mr Hery Rakotomanana, the Chair of the Electoral Commission of Madagascar.

The meeting focused on areas of collaboration between the two organizations in view of the 2018 electoral process in Madagascar. As part of the STEP programme, funded by USAID, EISA will implement activities to support the CENI as well as Civil Society Organizations in Civic and Voter Education.


EMBs assisted in establishing Conflict Mediation Panels

In preparing for the forthcoming 2013 elections EISA commenced its work in supporting the National Independent Electoral Commission for the Transition's (CENIT) efforts in putting in place mechanisms to manage election related conflict. Consultative meetings were held with the CENIT and local Civil Society Oranisations, laying the groundwork for the selection of trainers and the identification of conflict mediators. EISA designed and developed conflict management training materials to be distributed to trainers and future panellists. These include participants' handbooks and check lists for the mediation exercise. For the activity, EISA Madagascar is building on the EISA election Conflict Management Panel model introduced in other countries, such as Burundi, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, and South Africa. These panels would become operational in 2013.

Citizens informed and educated on electoral participation

A voter education curriculum was developed in consultation with a local civil society network, the Komity Mpanaramaso ny Fifidianana/Comité National d'Observation des Elections (KMF/CNOE) whereafter core trainers were provided with the skills to facilitate train the trainer programmes in their own regions. In order to ensure maximum outreach, EISA supported the cascade model of training in 23 districts of seven regions of Madagascar. With the skills and support provided by EISA, 16 CSO trainers ran workshops in their different regions attended by 295 participants, including 156 men and 139 women.. Through this cascade approach local capacity was strengthened, and the participants' facilitation skills and confidence in conducting voter education workshops was improved.

In addition, EISA signed a funding agreement with the EU Delegation in Madagascar in support of civil society's involvement in voter information and education for the voter registration process. Consultative meetings with participating CSOs were organised in December 2012 to ensure that all participating CSOs have a common understanding of the project which is being implemented under EISA's guidance and would be ready to roll out in 2013.

Party agent poll watching workshop manual

Party agent poll watching workshop manual

EISA developed a manual, Formation des délégués de partis politiques et des candidats: Manuel de formateur, for trainers to conduct party agent poll watching workshops.

CSOs capacity to effectively observe the electoral process enhanced

Leading up to the forth coming elections and in support of contributing to a peaceful election, EISA conducted a workshop to build the capacity of local citizen observation stakeholders and provided them with exposure to international best practices and principles of international electoral observation. Training was conducted in Antananarivo from 19 to 21 September 2012 with 72 participants, including 45 women and 27 men. The workshop excited a great deal of interest and was attended by high level participants drawn from the CENIT, representatives of the Ministry of Home affairs, the President's Office, Members of Parliament, members of the VMLF (the women's network that EISA assisted in establishing) both at the national and regional level office, members of civil society, members of political parties and journalists.

Further to this, EISA responded to a request from CSOs involved in citizen observation for support in citizen observation mission planning and coordination. A workshop was held on 23 November 2012 on issues pertaining to electoral codes of conduct for non-partisan observers. 15 CSOs involved in citizen observation activities sent 28 representatives to this workshop, including 13 women. Through the workshop participants were familiarised with the role codes of conduct play in safeguarding the integrity, the non-partisanship character and credibility of election observation. CSOs at the workshop agreed upon and adopted a common code of conduct for all CSOs willing to share the same methodology in observing the upcoming general elections in Madagascar. The workshops also enabled CSOs to develop a common deployment plan for a nationwide citizen observer mission, which will include observers drawn from a wide range of CSOs and be able to observe all phases of the electoral process.


CSO's engagement in civic and voter education strengthened

Working closely with three local civil society organisations, namely Acces Zon'olombelona, Andrimaso FFKM and Komity Mpanaramaso ny Fifidianana Comité National d'Observation des Elections (KMF/CNOE), EISA and our partners developed a civic and voter education manual. Using the cascade approach EISA and our partners trained 44 participants in a train the trainer course on how to use the manual as well as facilitation skills. These facilitators conducted workshops in six regions, including Bongolava, Melaky, Analanjorofo, Farafangana and Diana. Participants were extremely responsive and highlighted that they had not previously been exposed to the material contained in this course. An added benefit was the experience and exposure that the 44 facilitators gained by conducting workshops and the opportunity to practice their skills.

National Electoral Commission study tour facilitated

Although elections were delayed in Madagascar during 2011, EISA used the opportunity provided by the local government elections in South Africa to organise a study tour for members of the National Electoral Commission (CENI), political parties and CSOs to South Africa to gain first hand exposure to see how Party Liaison Comitttees work as well as the EISA/IEC Conflict Management Panel structures function in practice. The study tour, which took place from 13 to 20 May, included three officials of the CENI, including the president of the CENI, two political party representatives and three CSO representatives. The delegation also observed polling day in the Gauteng province and held meetings with South African political parties, the South African Civil Society Election Coalition, the Municipal Demarcation Board and the IEC. The Malagasy delegation also established networks with the EMBs of Burundi, Zimbabwe and Mexico which were also in South Africa at the time.

Upon returning to Madagascar, EISA Madagascar convened a half day debriefing workshop which brought together the study tour participants, additional representatives from the participants' institutions, UN agencies, international NGOs, embassies and the media. The participants shared their experiences and reflected on the challenges facing the electoral process in Madagascar.

Challenges of Election Management & Prospects for Reforms in Madagascar

2008: Challenges of Election Management & Prospects for Reforms in Madagascar

22 May 2008, Hotel Le Colbert, Antananarivo: Workshop Report

This workshop was a follow up to the work undertaken by the teams sent to observe the elections in the country in December 2006 and September 2007 (see Madagascar: National Assembly 23 September 2007 EOM Report [PDF] and Madagascar: Presidential 3 December 2006 EOM Report/Madagascar: Presidentielles 3 Decembre 2006 [PDF]). The overall goal of the workshop was to unravel the election management challenges facing Madagascar and propose appropriate reform measures. The specific objectives were to:

  • Provide a space for the main stakeholders to reflect critically on the legal and institutional framework for elections in Madagascar;
  • Identify areas of the electoral system that pose problem and need improvement;
  • Provide recommendations for electoral reforms, so as to comply with the 2003 Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation (PEMMO) and the 2004 SADC Guidelines and Principles Governing Democratic Elections.

The workshop addressed the following topics:

  • Historical overview of elections in Madagascar
  • Legal and institutional framework for elections
  • Election management framework
  • Constituency delimitation, voter registration process and management of voters' roll
  • The ballot system
  • Voting behaviour and voter turnout
  • Voter and civic education
  • Gender equality

The event gathered 50 participants drawn from a list of various stakeholders including political parties, civil society organizations, election authorities, government officials at the central and local levels, MPs (House of Assembly and Senate), the Judiciary, the media, the donor community and development agencies, academia and traditional leadership.