Party capacity building: Swaziland


Political Parties in Swaziland

EISA developed new materials based on feedback from the political parties after the first workshop. The feedback suggested inclusion of materials on Policy Development, Outreach, Constituency Relations, Accountability and Oversight.

Material, titled "Linking Policy and Party Identity to Outreach and Accountability" was aimed at political parties in Swaziland being able to effect incremental change within the confines of the democratically deficient political system. It aimed at equipping participants with the tools to link their policies to their individual representatives operations in the legislature and in interactions with the royal executive through improved oversight and accountability. The material focused on Policy; Outreach; Governance; Oversight and the Link between oversight and accountability. These themes were identified after consultation with Swazi political parties and other stakeholders, as well as a consideration of the feedback from the previous workshop.

A workshop based on these materials was held from the 18 to 20 August, Johannesburg. The workshop facilitated the participation of 24 carefully selected participants from across six different political parties in Swaziland, comprising PUDEMO, the NNLC, SWADEPA, SIVE SIYINQABA, AUDP and the Communist Party.


Cross-learning capacity building

EISA continued to support a capacity-building project to assist Swaziland's political parties in party organisation and leadership through training and technical support. The project also introduced cross-learning through regional experience sharing and lesson learning to contribute to the organisational development and institutionalisation of the country's political parties.

Considering the political conditions in Swaziland, as well as the needs expressed by political parties, training materials developed focused on 'Political Parties' Institutional and Organisational Development' with themes such as:

  • what is a political party?
  • locating political parties' roles and functions within a democratic system of government.
  • Normative principles and key features of an open and competitive political party system and its institutional attributes.

To strengthen the above, an introductory training workshop was held from 4-5 November 2014 in Johannesburg, South Africa, and was attended by 24 participants from six political parties in Swaziland. The workshop was an opportunity to broaden participants' knowledge of and exposure to different conceptions of democracy and democratic governance, by specifically locating a political party in a system of democratic governance, and to deepen participants' knowledge of the techniques to enhance political parties' institutional and organisational capacity and development.


Political party and internal organization.

A project to support Swaziland Political Parties' Capacity and Internal Organisation was also developed. This project aims to provide capacity building support to party organisation and leadership through training and technical support to political parties, as well as promote cross learning through regional experience sharing and lesson learning to contribute to the organisational development and institutionalisation of Swazi political parties, with funding being granted by OSISA and will commence fully in 2013.


Dialogue and training workshop

The activities of the Governance Institutions and Processes Department's Political Parties Unit focused on political parties' capacity building through in-country dialogue and training workshops. A training manual on strengthening political parties has been drafted consisting of six modules: political parties; leadership; public outreach; party coalitions/ alliances; and conflict management. The manual was tested in two workshops. The first one was held in Gaborone, Botswana from 24-26 October 2007 and the second in Mbabane, Swaziland from 19-21 November 2007. The manual is being revised based on the observations of the facilitators during the workshops as well as on input from participants with an eye to publication as a standard training manual for parties in the SADC and beyond.

The Swaziland political parties that were trained include:

  • Ngwane National Liberatory Congress (NNLC)
  • People's United Democratic Movement (PUDEMO),
  • INHLAVA Forum (IF),
  • Swaziland Youth Congress (SWAYOCO).

The workshops covered five thematic areas: gender representation, intra-party democracy
and inter-party relations, outreach activities, conflict management and leadership in political parties.