Botswana: Fact file

Updated October 2012

Name Republic of Botswana
Area 581 730 sq km (Frame 2011, 126)
Major cities Gaborone (capital), Francistown, Molepolole, Selebi-Phikwe, Maun, Serowe, Kanye (Frame 2011, 137)
Boundaries Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia (landlocked)
Population 2.007 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011a)
Pop growth 1.05%, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation 61.1%, 2007 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 51.3 yrs, male 53.7 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 35/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 24.8%, 15-49 yr 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate 84%, 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Military expenditure 2.5% of GDP, 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
Health expenditure 7.1% of GDP, 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010)
Legal system Roman Dutch, customary law (Booi 2006)
Independence 30 September 1966 (from UK)
GDP US$14.858 billion, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012e)
GDP per capita US$7,403, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
GDP growth rate 7.2%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012f)
Main exports Diamonds, copper nickel, textiles, soda meat (Frame 2011, 135)
Currency 100 Thebe = 1 Pula (Frame 2011, 138)
Unemployment 17.6%, 2012 (AFDB/OECD 2012)
Inflation rate 14.7%, 2010 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio 11.1% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 92)
Infrastructure Road 25 798 km (8 916 km secondary); railway 960 km (from S.A to Botstwana); airport 5 major airports (Frame 2011, 147-148)
Ethnic groups Tswana 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Kgalagadi 3%, White African 3%, other 1% (Wikipedia 2010)
Languages Official: English and Tswana; others include Kalanga, Kgalagadi, Herero, Mbukushu, and 22 smaller groups (Lewis 2009)
Religion Christian 70%, no religious affilliation 20% (US State Department 2010)

References

AFDB/OECD 2012 "Botswana" IN African Economic Outlook, [www] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/PDF/Bostwana%20Full%20PDF%20Country%20Note.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

BOOI, L 2006 "Botswana's Legal System and Legal Research" IN Hauser Global Law School Program, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Botswana.htm [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Botswana" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=BW [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 19 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Gross+domestic+product&d=WHO&f=inID%3AHSR20 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, 16 Jan [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012e "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012f "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012g "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Botswana", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Botswana [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

US DEPARTMENT OF STATE 2010 "Botswana" IN International Religious Freedom Report 2010, [www] http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2010/148664.htm [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).

WIKIPEDIA 2010 "Demographics of Botswana", [www] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Botswana [opens new window] (accessed 16 Oct 2012).