Egypt: Fact file

Updated January 2013

Name Arab Republic of Egypt
Area 1 001 450 sq km , 96% desert (mongbay.com 2010)
Major cities Cairo (capital), Alexandria, Giza, Shubra al Khaymah, Al Mahallah al Kubra, Tanta, Port Said, Al Mansurah (mongbay.com 2010)
Boundaries Mediterranean (North), Libya (West), Sudan (South), Red Sea (East), Israel (North East)
Population 81.121 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2011a)
Pop growth 1.67%, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation 43.4%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 75.5 yrs, male 71.6 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 22/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence Less than 0.1%, 15-49 yr 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate 66%; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
Military expenditure 2.7% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Health expenditure 6.3% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010)
Legal system Combination of Islamic (Shariah) law and Napoleonic Code (Wahab 2012)
Independence 22 February 1922, United Kingdom
GDP US$229.53 billion, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
GDP per capita US$2,654, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012e)
GDP growth rate 1.8%, 2011 est (UN Statistics Division 2012f)
Main exports Oil, agricultural products, chemicals, metals and products, cotton, textiles and cloth (Trading Economics 2012)
Currency 1 Egyptian pound = 100 piastre or qirsh
Unemployment 8.7%, 2009 (UN Statistics Division undated)
Inflation rate 11.2%, 2011 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio 14.8% of GDP, 2011 (IMF 2012, 110)
Infrastructure Railway 4800 km (950 km double-tracked), mainly standard gauge; road over 49 000 km (15 000 paved, 2500 gravel, 31 500 earth; waterways 3500 km (mainly Nile River); international airports Cairo, Alexandria, 64 other airfields (mongbay.com 2010)
Ethnic groups Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (mongbay.com 2010)
Languages Official: Arabic (mongbay.com 2010)
Religion Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% (mongbay.com 2010)

References

IMF 2012 Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, November, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2012/mcd/eng/pdf/mreo1112.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

MONGBAY.COM 2010 "Egypt", [www] http://www.mongabay.com/history/egypt/egypt-introduction.html and pages following [opens new window] (accessed 4 January 2012).

TRADING ECONOMICS 2012 "Egypt Exports", [www] http://www.tradingeconomics.com/egypt/exports [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 9 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=burundi+health+expenditure+&d=WHO&f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143%3bCOUNTRY_ISO_CODE%3abUR [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, 9 April [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012e "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, 16 Jan [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012f "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012g "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Egypt", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Egypt [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).

WAHAB, MSEA 2012 "An Overview of the Egyptian Legal System and Legal Research", IN Globalex, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/Globalex/Egypt1.htm [opens new window] (accessed 4 Dec 2013).