Egypt: 2012 Presidential candidate nominations

Updated January 2012

The Constitutional Declaration (March 2011) and the Presidential Electoral Law (Law No 174/2005) stipulated the requirements for candidates' nomination. For candidates to be eligible to stand as presidential candidates they had to be Egyptian citizens aged 40 years and above, who do not hold dual citizenship and not married to a non-Egyptian. It further required that for candidates' nomination to be accepted, they either receive the endorsement of at least 30 elected members of the People's Assembly and Shura Council or receive the endorsement of at least 30 000 eligible voters in at least 15 governorates with a distribution of at least 1000 citizens per governorate, provided voters do not endorse more than one candidate in the elections. A political party was required to have at least one elected representative in one of the houses of the parliament for it to be eligible to field candidates in the presidential elections.

To register their candidature for in the 2012 presidential elections, candidates were required to submit their personal details supported by relevant documents notarized by a special notary public offices established by the Supreme Presidential Elections Commission. These offices were electronically linked to the main office of the Supreme Presidential Elections Commission, through the electronic database, and it was able to verify that voters did not endorse more than one candidate for the elections. Required documentation for the candidate registration process included: the stipulated forms for the different categories of candidates, original birth certificates, ID card, statement of criminal record, certificate of citizenship, certificate of marriage, certificate of mandatory military service or exemption thereof, statement of financial status and proof of residence in Cairo.

The formal registration process for presidential candidates started 10 March 2012 and ended 8 April 2012. This one-month period was adopted to give independent candidates adequate time to collect the required number of endorsements and documentation. In its consideration of appeals from the registration process, the Commission issued a decision on 10 candidates including 3 top contenders from the 2012 process. The decision was based on a number of issues, for Khairat El-SHater, the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, his disqualification was based on his questionable legal status regarding a previous conviction. Hazem Abu-Ismail was disqualified on the basis of his mother's foreign citizenship, while the ex-intelligence chief, Omar Suleiman was disqualified for not receiving the required number of endorsements.