Egypt: National Electoral Commission
Updated January 2013
- The Evolution of Judicial Supervision of elections
- 2011-2012 People's Assembly and Shura Council elections
- 2012 Supreme Presidential Elections Commission
- 2011-2012 Role of the Ministry of the Interior
2013 Parliamentary elections management
The 2011-2012 Supreme Judicial Commission for Elections (SJCE) will undertake the full supervision of the first parliamentary elections. The funds of the SJCE and of the 2012 Supreme Presidential Elections Commission will be transferred to the National Electoral Commission (discussed below), as soon as the latter is formed (Constitution 2012, Article 228).
Establishment, appointment, composition and term
The National Electoral Commission (NEC) is established by Articles 208-211 of the Constitution 2012 and, in terms of Article 209, is comprised of a board of 10 members. These are selected from among the Deputies of the Court of Cassation, the Courts of Appeal, the State Council, the State Affairs and Administrative Prosecution, elected by their respective assemblies from outside their board members, and are fully delegated for exclusive work at the Commission for a single term of six years (the membership of half the members is renewed every three years); the NEC is chaired by its longest-serving member from the Court of Cassation.
The NEC is exclusively responsible for managing referendums and presidential, parliamentary and local elections, which includes the preparation of a database of voters, input on the division of constituencies, control over electoral funding and expenditure, electoral campaigns and other procedures, up to the announcements of results; The NEC may be also entrusted with supervising the elections of trade unions and other organizations (Constitution 2012, Article 208).
Structures and staff
The NEC is entitled to draw on outside expertese from public figures or specialists, to create an executive arm and to employ staff to conduct voting and counting operations (Constitution 2012, Article 209, 210). For the first 10 years from the date the constitution is ratified (ie until 2022) the NEC must delegate the overseeing of voting and counting of votes to members of the judiciary (Constitution 2012, Article 210).
Appeals against NEC decisions
Appeals brought against the decisions of the NEC are heard by the the Supreme Administrative Court, except for appeals pertaining to local elections, which are brought before an administrative court (Constitution 2012, Article 211). However, the final results of referendums or presidential elections may not be challenged once they have been announced; the results must be announced within eight days from the ballot date (Constitution 2012, Article 211).
CONSTITUTION OF THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT 2012, [www] http://www.democracy-reporting.org/files/egypt_draft_constitution_unofficial_translation_dri.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 10 Jan 2013).