Gender issues: Women in Parliament in SADC in 2002

Updated July 2002

Country Representation
BOTSWANA Following the 1999 elections, 6 women were elected and two women were appointed to parliament out of a total of 44 seats (18% women representation in parliament). (The President may appoint four "specially elected MPs.")
LESOTHO Following the 1998 elections, 3 women were appointed to parliament out of a total of 80 seats (3.8% women representation in parliament).
MALAWI Following the 1999 elections, 16 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 193 seats (8.3% women representation in parliament).
MAURITIUS Following the 1995 elections, 5 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 62 seats (8% women representation in parliament).
MOZAMBIQUE Following the 1999 elections, 75 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 250 seats (30% women representation in parliament). This is the highest representation of women in parliament in SADC. FRELIMO has an internal party list quota of 30% women.
NAMIBIA Following the 1995 elections, 18 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 72 seats (25% women representation in parliament).
SEYCHELLES Following the 1998 elections, 8 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 34 seats (23.5% women representation in parliament).
SOUTH AFRICA Following the 1999 elections, 119 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 400 seats (29.8% women representation in parliament). ANC has an internal party list quota of 30% women. Municipal legislation encourages parties to ensure that 50% of the names on the party list are women. Following municipal elections in 2000, women now comprise 28.2% of local councillors.
SWAZILAND Following the 1993 elections, 2 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 65 seats (3.1% women representation in parliament).
TANZANIA Following the 2000 elections, 61 women were elected/appointed to parliament out of a total of 280 seats (21.8% women representation in parliament). The system of reserved seats for women in the national assembly was implemented- at least 20% - or 43 seats. A total of 12 women candidates for the 181 constituency seats were elected. (6.6%)
ZAMBIA Following the 1996 elections, 16 women were elected to parliament out of a total of 158 seats (10.1% women representation in parliament).
ZANZIBAR Following the 2000 elections, 3 women from Zanzibar were elected to the National Assembly through reserved seats.
ZIMBABWE Following the 2000 elections, 21 women were elected/appointed to parliament out of a total of 150 seats (14% women representation in parliament).A total of 14 women candidates for the 120 constituency seats were elected. (11.6%).