Mauritius: Fact file

Updated October 2012

Name Republic of Mauritius
Area 2 040 sq km (Frame 2011, 819)
Major settlements Port Louis (capital), Beau Bassin-Rose Hill, Vacoas-Phoenix, Curepipe, Quatre Bornes (Frame 2011, 828)
Boundaries Indian Ocean (archipelago)
Population 1.299 million, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 20011a)
Pop growth 0.53%, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011b)
Urbanisation 41.8%, 2010est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 76.9 yrs, male 70.4 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 12/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 1%, 15-49 yr 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012a)
Adult literacy rate 88%; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Military expenditure 0.2% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2012d)
Health expenditure 3.9% of GDP; 2006 (UN Statistics Division 2010)
Legal system French civil law system, elements of English common law (NationMaster undated)
Independence March 12, 1968 from UK
GDP US$9.723 billion, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012e)
GDP per capita US$7.488, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012b)
GDP growth rate 4.3%, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012f)
Main exports Chemicals and related products, transport equipment, food and live animals, textiles (Frame 2011, 832)
Currency 100 cents = 1 Mauritian Rupee (Frame 2011, 830)
Unemployment 7.9%, 2010 (AFDB/OECD 2012, 2)
Inflation rate 1.9%, 2010 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio 4.1% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 92)
Infrastructure No railway, road 2 028 km, airport 2 Port Louis and Rodrigues Island (Frame 2011, 840; Aviation Networks Undated)
Ethnic groups Indo-Mauritians, General population, (mixed European and African), Muslims and Sino-Mauritians (Government of Mauritius undated)
Languages Official English, national French, others Morisyen (Creole French), Bhojpuri, Urdu, Tamil, other Indian and Chinese languages (Lewis 2009)
Religion Hindu 50%, Christian 30%, Muslims 17%, small community of Buddihist (Frame 2011, 835)

References

AFDB/OECD 2012 "Mauritius" IN African Economic Outlook, [www] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/PDF/Mauritius%20Full%20PDF%20Country%20Note.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

AVIATION NETWORKS UNDATED "Airports in Mauritius", [www] http://worldaerodata.com/countries/Mauritius.php [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

BIZIMANA, S 2007 "The Burundi Legal System and Research" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Burundi.htm [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

GOVERNMENT OF MAURITIUS UNDATED "Mauritius in figures", [www] http://www.gov.mu/portal/sites/ncb/cso/mif04/mif04.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Mauritius" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MU [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

NATIONMASTER UNDATED "Legal system (most recent) by country", [www] http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/gov_leg_sys-government-legal-system [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2010 "Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product" IN UNdata, 19 Nov, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=health+expenditure&d=WHO&f=MEASURE_CODE%3aWHS7_143 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012a "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=HIV%2fAIDS+prevalence&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a73 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012b "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, 16 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012c "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 9 April, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012d "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012e "GDP" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.CD [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012f "GDP growth" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2012g "Inflation, GDP deflator" IN UNdata, 9 May, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Inflation&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aNY.GDP.DEFL.KD.ZG [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Mauritius", [www] http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Mauritius [opens new window] (accessed 25 Oct 2012).