Mozambique: Fact file

Updated February 2018

Name República de Moçambique (Republic of Mozambique)
Area 799 380 sq km (Frame 2011, 842)
Major cities Maputo (capital), Matola, Beira, Nampula, Chimoio, Nacala-Porto, Quelimane, Tete, Xai-Xai, Gurue (Frame 2011, 860)
Boundaries Indian Ocean, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania
Population 29,668 million, 2017 est (UN Statistics Division 2018a)
Natural pop growth 2.8%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018a)
Urbanisation 31.9%%, 2016 est (African Economic Outlook 2016)
Life expectancy Female 51.8 yrs, male 50.0 yrs; 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011c, 2011d)
Infant mortality 53/1000, 2016 est (UNICEF 2018)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 12.3%, 15-49 yr 2016 est (UNAIDS 2018)
Adult literacy rate 47%, 2017 est (USAID 2017)
Military expenditure 2.2% of GDP, 2016 (World Bank 2018c)
Health expenditure 6.9% of GDP, 2014 (World Bank 2018d)
Legal system Portuguese civil law, customary law (Rainha 2008)
Independence June 25, 1975 from Portugal
GDP US$11 billion, 2016 est (World Bank 2018b)
GDP per capita US$1,288 (thousand) 2017 est (Global Finance 2018)
GDP growth rate 3.8%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018e)
Main exports Aliminium, sea food, cotton (Frame 2011, 864)
Currency 100 cetavos = 1 metrical, plural metricais (Frame 2011, 862)
Unemployment 24.37 2016 est (Trading Economics 2018b)
Inflation rate 3.84%, 2017 (Trading Economics 2018)
External debt ratio 33.7% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 92)
Infrastructure Railway 3 114 km; Road 17 805 km; Airports 5 International (Frame 2011, 873)
Ethnic groups Makua-Lomwe (+/-40%), Thonga, Shona groups (Frame 2011, 842)
Languages Official Portuguese; over 1.3 million speakers Makhuwa, Ndau, Tsonga, Lomwe; another 9 languages have over half a million speakers and a further 17 languages have over 50 000 speakers (Lewis 2009)
Religion Catholic 28.%, Muslims 18%, Zionist 16%, protestant 12% Other 8%(US Department of state 2016)

References

AFRICA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2016 "Mozambique", [www] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/sites/default/files/2016-05/MOZAMBIQUE%20GB%202016%20WEB.theme_.pdf [opens new window] [Accessed 20 Feb 2018].

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

GLOBAL FINANCE 2018 "Mozambique: GDP per capita", [www] https://www.gfmag.com/global-data/country-data/mozambique-gdp-country-report [opens new window] [Accessed 20 Feb 2018].

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Oct 2012).

RAINHO, P 2008 "Republic of Mozambique - Legal System and Research" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.com/globalex/Mozambique.htm [opens new window] (accessed 26 Oct 2012).

LEWIS, MP (ed) 2009 "Languages of Mozambique" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MZ [opens new window] (accessed 26 Oct 2012).

TRADING ECONOMICS 2018a "Mozambique: Inflation", [www] https://tradingeconomics.com/mozambique/inflation-cpi/forecast [opens new window] [Accessed 20 Feb 2018].

TRADING ECONOMICS 2018b "Mozambique: Unemployment", [www] https://tradingeconomics.com/mozambique/unemployment-rate [opens new window] [Accessed 20 Feb 2018].

UNICEF 2018 "Mozambique Infant Mortality", [www] http://profiles.countdown2030.org/#/ds/MOZ [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

UNAIDS 2018 "Mozambique HIV and AIDS estimates", [www] http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/mozambique [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

UN DEPARTMENT OF STATE 2016 "International Religious Freedom Report for 2016: Mozambique", [www] https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/268920.pdf [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Oct 2012).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2011d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 25 Aug, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Oct 2012).

USAID 2017 "Mozambique Education", [www] https://www.usaid.gov/mozambique/education [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018a "Mozambique population growth", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=MZ [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018b "Mozambique GDP", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/country/mozambique [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018c "Mozambique Military expenduture (% of GDP)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018d "Mozambique Health expenditure(% of GDP)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.TOTL.ZS?locations=MZ [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018e "Mozambique GDP growth rate (% of annual)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=MZ [opens new window] [Accessed 20 February 2018].