interim statement
EISA Observer Mission to the 2004 Mozambican Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Maputo, 4 December 2004 - for immediate release

1. Introduction

Mozambique elections 2004 (3K)

EISA was invited by the National Election Commission of Mozambique (CNE) to observe the 2004 Presidential and Parliamentary elections. Accordingly, EISA deployed a 34-member observer mission to these elections. The mission has made its assessment of the elections and its preliminary findings and recommendations are presented in this interim statement. The assessment covers the pre-election, polling, and the counting at the polling stations and does not cover the transmission of results to the districts and the tabulation of the results at the provincial and national levels. EISA will produce a comprehensive and final report on the elections in the next few weeks, which will provide an in-depth analysis of the whole electoral process.

2. About EISA

EISA was established in 1996. It is an independent non-profit organisation which seeks to promote credible elections and democratic governance in Africa through research, capacity building, advocacy and other targeted interventions. Election observation is a key component of EISA's work as it allows the collection of data and information on electoral practices. Equally important for EISA, election observation provides an opportunity for mission members from countries without a long tradition of multi-party democratic elections to gain first hand electoral experience.

The organisation is headquartered in Johannesburg, South Africa, and has field offices in Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mozambique.

3. Mission Composition

The mission membership is drawn from electoral commissions, civil society organisations (CSOs), parliaments, academic institutions and political parties mostly from SADC countries, namely, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. The Mission Leader is Dr. Brigalia H. Bam, Chairperson of the South African Electoral Commission. The Executive Director of EISA, Mr. Denis Kadima, is the Deputy Leader of the Mission.

Members of the EISA Mission started arriving in Maputo on the 22nd of November 2004. The Mission met various Mozambican election stakeholders and observed events until the 3rd December 2004.

4. Deployment

A total of ten teams were deployed in all but one of Mozambique's provinces. There were two teams in Maputo City and one team in each of the following provinces: Maputo, Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Nampula, Sofala, Tete and Zambezia.

5. Method of Work

In order to accommodate the need for a holistic approach to election assessment, EISA conducted various activities covering the pre-election phase, the polling phase and the immediate aftermath of the election. EISA will continue to follow post-election developments closely. The assessment methodology included the following activities: