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Seychelles: Electoral system

Updated November 2006

Legal basis[1] Constitution of the Republic of Seychelles, June 18, 1993; amended 1994, 1995, 1996 and 2000.
Elections Act, 17 of 1995 as amended.
Political Parties (Registration and Regulation) Act, 1991 as amended 1995, 1996.
Electoral system Parliamentary Elections: Mixed system. Direct universal adult franchise first-past-post constituency elections combined with proportional representation[2].
Presidential Elections: President is elected by absolute majority through universal adult franchise[3].
Election period Parliamentary and presidential elections every 5 years, but not necessarily concurrently[4].
Electoral institutions Electoral Commissioner[5].
Functions of electoral institutions To conduct and supervise voter registration, elections and referenda, to delimit constituencies and to review election campaigns[6].
Independence of electoral institutions Commissioner appointed by the President from candidates nominated by the Constitutional Appointments Authority. There are no provisions for the removal of the Commissioner from office[7].
Demarcation The Electoral Commissioner delimits according to constitutional guidelines. According to the Constitution there may not be less than 19 electoral areas on the island of Mahe, two on Praslin and one for the Inner Islands (25 total)[8]. Boundaries are reviewed 3 years before every election.
Voter registration Continious registration.
A general registration of voters takes place every year. Registration is on voters roll with constituency registration officers who are subject to the control of the Chief Registration officer[9].
Voter education Although not tasked by law with voter education the Commissioner's Office has a Voter Education Department[10].
Nomination of candidates Parliamentary Elections: Constituency candidate nominations must be endorsed by the number of registered voters published by the Commissioner and must pay a deposit. Proportional representation candidates are nominated political parties on lists[11].
Presidential Elections: Presidential candidate nominations must be endorsed by the number of registered voters published by the Commissioner and must pay a deposit[12]
Funding of political parties Parties receive public funding from a fund administered by the Commissioner in proportion to their performance in the previous National Assembly election[13].
Parties and candidates are not required to disclose the source of funds raised, but must disclose to the Electoral Commissioner amounts received and how funds were expended[14].
Election campaign A code of conduct governing the political activity of parties and candidates has been issued by the Commissioner[15]. Campaigning ceases two days before election day[16].
Communication The Commissioner is empowered to allocate free time to political parties and candidates on an equal basis in consultation with the Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation[17].
Counting After the close of the poll the Electoral Officer gives notice of the time the counting is to begin. At that time the Electoral Officer and enumerators, in the presence of candidates or their agents, proceed to count and verify the ballots cast[18].
Announcement of results The Electoral Officer transmits the results to the Commissioner and the all the documentation to the Chief Electoral Officer[19]. The Commissioner declares the results and ensures they are published in the Gazette[20].
Conflict resolution In the event of a dispute over the results, the Constitutional Court has authority to hear complaints. Decisions may be appealed in the Seychelles Court of Appeal[21].
Election monitoring Observers are accredited by the ECN, and issued with a code of conduct[22].

Table notes

[1] Constitution 1993; Commonwealth Local Government Forum undated.
[2] Constitution 1993, Article 78.
[3] Constitution 1993, Schedule 3, Articles 1, 5, 8.
[4] Constitution 1993, Articles 52, 106(1).
[5] Constitution 1993, Article 115.
[6] Constitution 1993, Article 116.
[7] Constitution 1993, Article 115.
[8] Constitution 1993, Article 112.
[9] Elections Act Chapter 68A, 7.
[10] Commonwealth Expert Team 2006, 14.
[11] Elections Act 1996, 14 cf 38(3); Constitution 1993, Schedule 4, Article 2.
[12] Elections Act 1996, 14.
[13] Political Parties Act 1991, 3(1), 27, 29. Parties that did not participate in the previous election are entitled to the same payment as the lowest amount received by a party that did participate.
[14] Elections Act 1996, 93-94.
[15] Gappy 2005, 5-9. This code does not have the force of law, but is the outcome of consultation between parties and the Commissioner.
[16] Elections Act 1996, 95.
[17] Elections Act 1996, 97.
[18] Elections Act 1996, 29(3), 34. This is the procedure followed on the more densely populated islands of Mahe and Praslin. On the other islands the ballot boxes and documentation are sent to a counting station headed by a Designated Electoral Officer (See Section 30).
[19] Elections Act 1996, 36.
[20] Elections Act 1996, 38.
[21] Elections Act 1996, 98.
[22] Electoral Commissioner's Office 2001. See Code of conduct: Observers

References

COMMONWEALTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT FORUM UNDATED "The local government system in Seychelles", [www] http://www.clgf.org.uk/userfiles/clgf/file/countries/Seychelles.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 9 Mar 2010).

COMMONWEALTH EXPERT TEAM 2006 Seychelles Presidential Election 28 - 30 July 2006: Report, [www] http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Shared_ASP_Files/UploadedFiles/ 8990617A-E19F-4890-BE53-84D6604F77C8_SEYCEHLLESCET2006-FINALREPORTWebsite.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 9 Mar 2010).

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SEYCHELLES 1993 (amended 1994, 1995, 1996 and 2000), [www] http://www.cmseducation.org/wconsts/seychelles.html [opens new window] (accessed 9 Mar 2010).

ELECTIONS ACT 1996.

ELECTORAL COMMISSIONER'S OFFICE 2001b Code of Conduct: Observers, EISA.

GAPPY, HP 2005 "Seychelles Paper", Improving the Quality of Election Management: A conference of Commonwealth Chief Election Officers, Commonwealth Secretariat and the Election Commission of India, New Delhi, 24-26 February, [www] http://www.thecommonwealth.org/shared_asp_files/uploadedfiles/26FE5665-74C4-45D0- 9FD5-4444EA6F7945_PaperbyMrGappyofSeychelles.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 9 Mar 2010).

POLITICAL PARTIES (REGISTRATION AND REGULATION) ACT 1991 as amended in 1995 and 1996

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