South Africa: Parties participating in the 2009 elections

Updated January 2011

Summary

There are 117 parties registered at the national/provincial level. However, only 42 parties submitted candidates' lists. 28 parties will contest seats for the National Assembly.

  • Eleven parties will contest the elections for the National Assembly and all nine Provincial Legislatures
  • Fourteen parties will contest the elections for the National Assembly and one or more of the Provincial Legislatures
  • Three parties will contest the elections for the National Assembly only
  • Fourteen parties will contest the elections in one or more of the Provincial Legislatures only

Parties that submitted lists for the national and all nine provincial elections

Party Leaders Founding Performance in 2004
African National Congress (ANC)
Former: South African Native National Congress
Jacob Zuma
Thabo Mbeki
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (retired 1999), Oliver R Thambo (d 1993), Chief Albert Lutuli (d 1967), Dr JS Moroka, Dr Xuma, JT Gumede, John L Dube (d 1946)
8 January 1912 69.7% of national vote
Democratic Alliance (DA)
Formerly: Democratic Party, Progressive Federal Party, Progressive Reform Party, Progressive Party.
Helen Zille
Anthony (Tony) James Leon
Zach de Beer, Dr Fredrick van Zyl Slabbert, Colin Eglin, Jan Steytler
13 November 1959 12.4% of national vote
Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
Formerly: Inkatha National Cultural Liberation Movement
Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi 21 March 1975 7.0% of national vote
United Democratic Movement (UDM) General Bantu Holomisa September 1997 2.3% of national vote
Independent Democrats (ID) Patricia De Lille March 2003 1.7% of national vote
African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) Kenneth Rasalabe Joseph Meshoe December 1993 1.6% of national vote
Vryheidsfront Plus
AKA Freedom Front Plus, Alliance 2000+
Previously: Freedom Front, Afrikaner Volksfront
Dr Pieter Willem Mulder
General Constand L Viljoen
October 1993 0.9% of national vote
United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) Chief Lucas Manyane Mangope 1986 0.8% of national vote
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) Letlapa Mphahlele
Motsoko Pheko
Dr Mmutlanyane S Mogoba, Zephania Lekoane Mothopeng (d 1990), David Maphgumzana Sibeko (d 1979), Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe (d 1977)
6 April 1959 0.7% of national vote
African People's Convention Themba Godi Sep 2007 Formed by floor crossing 2007
Congress of the People (COPE) Mosiuoa Lekota 16 December 2008 Break away from ANC

Parties that submitted lists for national and some provincial elections

Party Leaders Founding Performance in 2004
Minority Front (MF) Amichand Rajbansi June 1993 0.35% of national vote
Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO)
Forerunner: Black People's Convention
Mosiblidi Mangena 28 April 1978 0.25% of national vote
United Independent Front (UIF) Mzwandile Manjiya
Ike Kekana (acting)
Malizole Diko (founder, d 28 July 2006)
Sep 2005 Formed by floor crossing 2005
National Democratic Convention (NADECO) Hawu Mbatha
Ziba Jiyane
Sep 2005 Formed by floor crossing 2005
Alliance of Free Democrats Prof Themba Sono
Brian Power
2005 New party
National Alliance Stanley Simmons Sep 2007 Formed by floor crossing 2007
New Vision Party Ike Kekana Sep 2007 Formed by floor crossing 2007
Al Jama-ah Mogamad Ganief Ebrahim Hendricks Apr 2007 New party
SA Democratic Congress (SADECO) Ziba Jiyane Dec 2007 Break away from IFP
Women Forward Nana Ngobese-Nxumalo March 2008 New party
Pan Africanist Movement Thami ka Plaatjie 7 Nov 2008 Break away from PAC
Christian Democratic Alliance Rotates betwen members 2008 Grouping of Federation of Democrats, Christian Democratic Party, Alliance for Community Transformationand New Labour Party
Movement Democratic Party Pastor Ntsudzuluseni Ramukanda (secr gen) 2009 New party
Great Kongress of SA VB Chuturgoon New party

Parties that only submitted lists for national elections

Party Leaders Founding Performance in 2004
Keep It Straight and Simple Party (KISS) Claire C Emary February 1994 0.04% of national vote
A Party Coalition Anthony Penderis Dec 2008 Coalition that includes Afrika Borwa Kgutlisa Botho, Ahanang People's Organisation, A Party, Azanian Native Socialist Congress, Conservative Party, Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front, Freedom Power, Khoisan United Front, United Citizen Forum of South Africa and Workers International Vanguard
Hlanganani Sakhe Isizwe Gilbert Dlamini New party

Parties that only submitted lists for some provincial elections

Party Leaders Founding Performance in 2004
Dikwankwetla Party of South Africa (DPSA) Moeketsi PI Lebesa
Kenneth Mopeli
1975 0.97% of Free state vote
African Muslim Party (AMP) Dr Wasfie Hassiem
Dr Imtiaz Sooliman
1994 0.7% of Western Cape vote
Sindawonye Progressive Party (SPP) Majozi George Mahlangu September 1989 0.53% of Mpumalanga vote
Peace and Justice Congress (PJC) Muhammed Rashad Khan 2003 0.09% of Western Cape vote
Universal Party (UP) Martin Matheus Fienies October 2002 0.05% of Western Cape vote
Ximoko Party (XP)
Formerly: Ximoko Progressive Party
AM Mabunda 1994 Did not contest 2004
African Christian Alliance
AKA Afrikaner Christen Alliansie
Petrus Johannes van der Westhuizen Nov 2005 New party
Christen Party/Christian Party (CP) Louis Johannes Botha Marneweck Sep 2005 New party
African Independent Congress Mandla Galo Dec 2005 New party
Black Consciousness Party (BCP) Dr Nchaupe Aubrey Mokoape 13 September 2008 New party
National Party of SA Juan-Duval Uys 2008 New party
Cape Party Jack Miller 21 Apr 2008 New party
SA Political Party MS Mokitimi New party
SA Determined Volunteers New party

Sources

EISA sources

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 2009 "Provisional list of 42 parties to contest 2009 elections", 3 March, [www] http://www.elections.org.za/news_get.asp?NewsID=403 [opens new window] (accessed 9 Mar 2010).