South Africa: Parties at national level: 2004 election

Updated March 2009

Parties are ordered by the number of votes obtained in the 2004 national election. The New National party, which won seats in the election, then dissolved itself to join the ANC.

Party Leaders Founding
African National Congress (ANC)
Former: South African Native National Congress
Jacob Zuma
Thabo Mbeki
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (retired 1999), Oliver R Thambo (d 1993), Chief Albert Lutuli (d 1967), Dr JS Moroka, Dr Xuma, JT Gumede, John L Dube (d 1946)
8 January 1912
Democratic Alliance (DA)
Formerly: Democratic Party, Progressive Federal Party, Progressive Reform Party, Progressive Party.
Helen Zille
Anthony (Tony) James Leon
Zach de Beer, Dr Fredrick van Zyl Slabbert, Colin Eglin, Jan Steytler
13 November 1959
Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
Formerly: Inkatha National Cultural Liberation Movement
Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi 21 March 1975
United Democratic Movement (UDM) General Bantu Holomisa September 1997
Independent Democrats (ID) Patricia De Lille March 2003
New National Party (defunct 9 April 2005)
Formerly: National Party, Reunited National Party, Purified National Party
Martinus van Schalkwyk, Fredrick Willem de Klerk (retired 1997), Pieter W Botha (retired 1989), B John Voster (d 1983), Hendrik F Verwoerd (d 1966), Johannes G Strijdom (d 1958), Daniel F Malan (d 1959), James Barry Munnik Hertzog (d 1942). 1914
African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) Kenneth Rasalabe Joseph Meshoe December 1993
Vryheidsfront Plus
AKA Freedom Front Plus, Alliance 2000+
Previously: Freedom Front, Afrikaner Volksfront
Dr Pieter Willem Mulder
General Constand L Viljoen
October 1993
United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) Chief Lucas Manyane Mangope 1986
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) Letlapa Mphahlele
Motsoko Pheko
Dr Mmutlanyane S Mogoba, Zephania Lekoane Mothopeng (d 1990), David Maphgumzana Sibeko (d 1979), Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe (d 1977)
6 April 1959
Minority Front (MF) Amichand Rajbansi June 1993
Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO)
Forerunner: Black People's Convention
Mosiblidi Mangena 28 April 1978
Christian Democratic Party (CDP)
AKA Christian Front (CF)
Rev Theunis G Botha
Rev Rudolph du Plooy
Johann Kotze
9 Sep 1999
Nasionale Aksie (NA) Kassie Auckamp 2003
Peace and Justice Congress (PJC) Muhammed Rashad Khan 2003
The Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) Tiyani Lybon Mabasa 21 March 1998
New Labour Party (NLP) Petrus (Peter) Jacobus Marais 2003
United Front (UF) Sibusiso Radebe 2003
The Employment Movement of South Africa Michael Reitz 1999
The Organisation Party (TOP) Bradford Wood 2003
Keep It Straight and Simple Party (KISS) Claire C Emary February 1994

Sources

GOVERNMENT INFORMATION SERVICES OF SOUTH AFRICA UNDATED, "Contact directory: Miscellaneous Organisations", [www] http://www.gcis.gov.za/gcis/directory.jsp?dir=10 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

GOVERNMENT INFORMATION SERVICES OF SOUTH AFRICA UNDATED, "Political Parties and Related Organisations", [www] http://www.gcis.gov.za/gcis/work/pdf_contacts_70.html [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 1999, "General Notice 416 of 1999: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 405(19830), 5 March 1999, [www] http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/notices/1999/not99-416.html (page off-line 26 Feb 2010).

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 1999, "General Notice 517 of 1999: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 406(19941), 13 April 1999, [www] http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/notices/1999/not99-571.html (page off-line 26 Feb 2010).

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 2003, "General Notice 1571 of 2003: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 455(24918), 28 May 2003, [www] http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/notices/2003/24918.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 2004, "General Notice 278 of 2004: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 464(26077), 20 February 2004, [www] http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/notices/2004/26077.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION UNDATED "Party Details", [www] http://www.elections.org.za/Registered_Parties/Registered_parties.asp?lPartyID=-1  ;lMunicID=-1 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

MATLOASA, K 2004 "Configuration of party political contest in the forthcoming election", IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2004, No 2 [PDF document], 12-16.

MURISON, K 2001 "South Africa Directory" IN Africa South of the Sahara 2002, Europa Publications, 957-958.

VAEREWIJCK, W 2005, "Zuid-Afrika - Alle Politieke Partijen", 1World2Travel, [www] http://www.1world2travel.com/article.php?articleID=1721 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).

WIKIPEDIA UNDATED, "List of political parties in South Africa" and pages following, [www] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_South_Africa [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).