South Africa: Parties at national level: 2004 election
Updated March 2009
Parties are ordered by the number of votes obtained in the 2004 national election. The New National party, which won seats in the election, then dissolved itself to join the ANC.
|African National Congress (ANC)
Former: South African Native National Congress
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (retired 1999), Oliver R Thambo (d 1993), Chief Albert Lutuli (d 1967), Dr JS Moroka, Dr Xuma, JT Gumede, John L Dube (d 1946)
|8 January 1912|
|Democratic Alliance (DA)
Formerly: Democratic Party, Progressive Federal Party, Progressive Reform Party, Progressive Party.
Anthony (Tony) James Leon
Zach de Beer, Dr Fredrick van Zyl Slabbert, Colin Eglin, Jan Steytler
|13 November 1959|
|Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
Formerly: Inkatha National Cultural Liberation Movement
|Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi||21 March 1975|
|United Democratic Movement (UDM)||General Bantu Holomisa||September 1997|
|Independent Democrats (ID)||Patricia De Lille||March 2003|
|New National Party (defunct 9 April 2005)
Formerly: National Party, Reunited National Party, Purified National Party
|Martinus van Schalkwyk, Fredrick Willem de Klerk (retired 1997), Pieter W Botha (retired 1989), B John Voster (d 1983), Hendrik F Verwoerd (d 1966), Johannes G Strijdom (d 1958), Daniel F Malan (d 1959), James Barry Munnik Hertzog (d 1942).||1914|
|African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP)||Kenneth Rasalabe Joseph Meshoe||December 1993|
AKA Freedom Front Plus, Alliance 2000+
Previously: Freedom Front, Afrikaner Volksfront
|Dr Pieter Willem Mulder
General Constand L Viljoen
|United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP)||Chief Lucas Manyane Mangope||1986|
|Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC)||Letlapa Mphahlele
Dr Mmutlanyane S Mogoba, Zephania Lekoane Mothopeng (d 1990), David Maphgumzana Sibeko (d 1979), Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe (d 1977)
|6 April 1959|
|Minority Front (MF)||Amichand Rajbansi||June 1993|
|Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO)
Forerunner: Black People's Convention
|Mosiblidi Mangena||28 April 1978|
|Christian Democratic Party (CDP)
AKA Christian Front (CF)
|Rev Theunis G Botha
Rev Rudolph du Plooy
|9 Sep 1999|
|Nasionale Aksie (NA)||Kassie Auckamp||2003|
|Peace and Justice Congress (PJC)||Muhammed Rashad Khan||2003|
|The Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA)||Tiyani Lybon Mabasa||21 March 1998|
|New Labour Party (NLP)||Petrus (Peter) Jacobus Marais||2003|
|United Front (UF)||Sibusiso Radebe||2003|
|The Employment Movement of South Africa||Michael Reitz||1999|
|The Organisation Party (TOP)||Bradford Wood||2003|
|Keep It Straight and Simple Party (KISS)||Claire C Emary||February 1994|
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION SERVICES OF SOUTH AFRICA UNDATED, "Contact directory: Miscellaneous Organisations", [www] http://www.gcis.gov.za/gcis/directory.jsp?dir=10 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION SERVICES OF SOUTH AFRICA UNDATED, "Political Parties and Related Organisations", [www] http://www.gcis.gov.za/gcis/work/pdf_contacts_70.html [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 1999, "General Notice 416 of 1999: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 405(19830), 5 March 1999, [www] http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/notices/1999/not99-416.html (page off-line 26 Feb 2010).
INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 1999, "General Notice 517 of 1999: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 406(19941), 13 April 1999, [www] http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/notices/1999/not99-571.html (page off-line 26 Feb 2010).
INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 2003, "General Notice 1571 of 2003: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 455(24918), 28 May 2003, [www] http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/notices/2003/24918.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION 2004, "General Notice 278 of 2004: Registered Political Parties" IN Government Gazette, 464(26077), 20 February 2004, [www] http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/notices/2004/26077.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
INDEPENDENT ELECTORAL COMMISSION UNDATED "Party Details", [www] http://www.elections.org.za/Registered_Parties/Registered_parties.asp?lPartyID=-1 ;lMunicID=-1 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
MATLOASA, K 2004 "Configuration of party political contest in the forthcoming election", IN EISA Election Update: South Africa 2004, No 2 [PDF document], 12-16.
MURISON, K 2001 "South Africa Directory" IN Africa South of the Sahara 2002, Europa Publications, 957-958.
VAEREWIJCK, W 2005, "Zuid-Afrika - Alle Politieke Partijen", 1World2Travel, [www] http://www.1world2travel.com/article.php?articleID=1721 [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).
WIKIPEDIA UNDATED, "List of political parties in South Africa" and pages following, [www] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_South_Africa [opens new window] (accessed 26 Feb 2010).