Zimbabwe: Fact file

Updated February 2018

(World Health Organization 2018b)
Name Republic of Zimbabwe
Area 386 850 sq km (World bank 2018a)
Major cities Harare (capital), Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Gweru, Kwekwe, Kadoma, Masvingo (Frame 2011, 1357)
Boundaries Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana (landlocked)
Population 15,6 million, 2015 (World Health Organization 2018a)
Pop growth 2.6%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018b)
Urbanisation 32.2%, 2017 est (CIA World factbook 2017)
Life expectancy Female 62 yrs, male 59 yrs; 2015 est (World Health Organization 2018c)
Infant mortality 40/1000, 2016 est (World Bank 2018c)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 13.5%, 15-49 yr 2016 est (World Bank 2018d)
Adult literacy rate 88%; 2014 est (World Bank 2018e)
Military expenditure 2.1% of GDP; 2016 (World Bank 2018f)
Health expenditure 6.4% of 2014 GDP
Legal system Roman-Dutch, customary Law (Saki & Chiware 2017)
Independence 18 April 1980 from UK
GDP US$16.6 billion, 2016 est (World Bank 2018g)
GDP per capita US$776, 2011 est (World Bank 2011)
GDP growth rate 9.3%, 2009 (World Bank 2011)
Main exports Gold, tobacco, iron alloys, platinum, cotton (Frame 2011, 1360)
Currency 1 Zimbabwe Dollar (Z$) = 100 Cents (SADC, 2012)
Unemployment 95%, end 2009 est (IndexMundi 2012)
Inflation rate 5.6% 2011 (IndexMundi 2012)
External debt ratio 18.5% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 92)
Infrastructure Railway 3 400 km; road 97 267 km; airport 17 paved; 3 international (Harare, Bulawayo, Kariba) (ZIM GUIDE (Undated), Frame 2011; Aviation Networks Undated )
Ethnic groups Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%; Asian 1%; White 1% (Encyclopaedia of Nations)
Languages Official: English, Major: Shona, Sindebele, Manyika, Kalanga; 15 others (Lewis 2009)
Religion Christian ±55%, rest African beliefs (Frame 2011, 1366)

References

AVIGATION NETWORKS UNDATED "Airports in Zimbabwe", [www] http://worldaerodata.com/countries/Zimbabwe.php [opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

CIA WORLD FACTBOOK 2017 "Zimbabwe: Urbanization", [www] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2212.html [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

INDEXMUNDI "Zimbabwe Economy Profile 2012",[www] http://www.indexmundi.com/zimbabwe/economy_profile.html [opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Zimbabwe" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=ZW [opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

MONEY WEB 2009 "Zimbabwe unemployment soars to 94%", 29 January, [www] http://www.moneyweb.co.za/mw/view/mw/en/page87?oid=262730&sn=Detail (offline 1 Nov 2012).

NATIONS ENCYCLOPEDIA "Zimbabwe: Ethnic groups", http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Zimbabwe-ETHNIC-GROUPS.html [opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

SADC 2012 "Zimbabwe", [www] http://www.sadc.int/member-states/zimbabwe/ [opens new window] [Accessed 15 Feb 2018].

SAKI, O & CHIWARE, T 2017 (Update) "The Law in Zimbabwe" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Zimbabwe1.html [opens new window] [Accessed 13 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018a "Land area (sq/km)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.TOTL.K2?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018b "Population growth", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018c "Mortality rate (infant/1000 live births)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.IMRT.IN?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018d "HiV(% of population ages 15-49)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.AIDS.ZS [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018e "Literacy rate(% of people ages 15 and above)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018f "Military expenditure((% of GDP)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018g "(% of GDP)", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=ZW [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION "Zimbabwe", [www] http://www.who.int/countries/zwe/en/ [opens new window] (accessed 1 Nov 2012).

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018a "Zimbabwe: Total population", [www] http://www.who.int/countries/zwe/en/ [opens new window] [Accessed 13 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018b "Zimbabwe: Health Expenditure", [www] http://www.who.int/countries/zwe/en/ [opens new window] [Accessed 13 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018c "Zimbabwe: Life expectancy", [www] http://www.who.int/countries/zwe/en/ [opens new window] [Accessed 14 Feb 2018].

ZIM GUIDE (Undated) "Main Airports in Zimbabwe" [www] https://zimguide.com/zimbabwe-airports [opens new window] [Accessed 15 Feb 2018].